Types of Hepatitis

Hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver and is usually the result of a viral infection. This condition could be self-limiting and just heal on its own; however, there is also the possibility of progressing, which may ultimately lead to the scarring of the liver. If hepatitis lasts for less than six months, the condition is considered to be acute and chronic if the illness persists longer. Aside from a virus, hepatitis could also be caused by toxins, autoimmune process or by another infection.

Some symptoms of hepatitis would include jaundice, which is the yellowing of the eyes and skin, extreme fatigue, dark urine, vomiting, nausea and abdominal pain.

Hepatitis have five main types which are A, B, C, D and E.

Hepatitis A is also called infectious jaundice. This type of hepatitis is a result of a picorna virus, which is usually transmitted through the fecal-oral route. It is often associated with the ingestion of contaminated food or drink or with oral or anal sex. This is an acute type of hepatitis and usually does not progress to a chronic stage. The immune system of the patient produces antibodies to fight off hepatitis A, which gives immunity from any future infection.

Hepatitis B, on the other hand, is generally caused by the hepadna virus. This particular virus could bring both the acute and chronic form of Hepatitis B. Some of the identified ways of transmission would include through blood (like in blood transfusion, which is rare now), through getting tattoos done (either amateur or professionally), through sexual intercourse or through the breastfeeding of a mother to her child.

Hepatitis C is caused by a kind of virus that has an RNA genome which is a Hepatitis C (originally “non-A non-B hepatitis”) is caused by a virus with an RNA genome of a virus from the Flaviviridae family. Hepatitis C could be transmitted through the blood or through the placenta. It also has the possibility of leasing to a more chronic form of hepatitis, which could eventually culminate in cirrhosis.

Hepatitis D is a type of Hepatitis, which cause by the hepatitis delta agent that is considered to be a sub-viral satellite because it could only propagate when there is a Hepatitis B present.

Lastly, Hepatitis E is a type of Hepatitis that has symptoms, which are similar to Hepatitis A. Hepatitis E is more widespread and common in the Indian subcontinent.